Madagascar (/ˌmædəˈɡæskər/ ; Malagasy:Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Malagasy:Repoblikan'i Madagasikara[republiˈkʲan madaɡasˈkʲarə̥]; French:République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of Southeast Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (the fourth-largest island in the world), as well as numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinentGondwana, Madagascar split from the Indian peninsula around 88million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90% of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth. The island's diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the rapidly growing human population and other environmental threats.
An accompanying documentary, Attenborough and the Giant Egg, was broadcast on BBC Two in March 2011. In this one-off programme, David Attenborough undertakes a personal journey back to Madagascar to investigate the fate of Aepyornis, the island's extinct elephant birds. Believed to be the largest birds which have ever lived, evidence of their existence can still be found on the island. Whilst filming Zoo Quest to Madagascar in 1961, Attenborough pieced together a complete elephant bird egg from fragments of shell collected for him.
Madagascar is a software package for multidimensional data analysis and reproducible computational experiments. Its mission is to provide
a convenient and powerful environment
a convenient technology transfer tool
for researchers working with digital image and data processing in geophysics and related fields. Technology developed using the Madagascar project management system is transferred in the form of recorded processing histories, which become "computational recipes" to be verified, exchanged, and modified by users of the system.
The Madagascar environment consists of:
Standalone programs for out-of-core data analysis;
Standalone programs for geophysical data processing and imaging;
A development kit for C, C++, Java, Fortran-77, Fortran-90, Python, Matlab, and Octave;
A framework for reproducible numerical experiments, based on SCons;
A framework for scientific publications, based on SCons and LaTeX;
A collection of reproducible scientific articles also used as usage examples and regression tests for the standalone programs;
— 若田光一 WAKATA Koichi (@Astro_Wakata) January 22, 2023 ... And check out this extraordinary view of the island of Madagascar, located off the east coast of Africa. Great view of Madagascar from the ISS. Beautiful contrast of the land, vegetation, rivers, clouds, and the surrounding ocean! pic.twitter.com/APIZxBGMCg.
No island demonstrates this more vividly than Madagascar, the world’s fourth-largest non-continental land mass – large enough, indeed, to have hosted, until well into the modern period, several different kingdoms ruling over culturally and linguistically distinct groups, often with little contact between them.
As fossil fuel emissions continue to drive climate change, large areas of land are forecast to become much hotter and drier by the end of this century ...The island nation of Madagascar is of particular concern when it comes to climate change. Of Madagascar's animal species, 85% cannot be found elsewhere on Earth.
A total of 17 species of lemurs have gone extinct since humans arrived on Madagascar... The team added that this is a tipping point for protecting Madagascar’s biodiversity and that we have about five years to advance conservation efforts on the island, which is hampered by inequality and political corruption that can hamper land-use decisions.
In many ways, Madagascar is a biologist's dream, a real-life experiment in how isolation on an island can spark evolution ... Madagascar is the world's fifth-largest island, about the size of France, but "in terms of all the different ecosystems present on Madagascar, it's less like an island and more like a mini-continent," says Goodman.
Happy New year!!!. If you stayed up late last night, ringing in the new year, and didn’t make it out to the duck blind it’s quite understandable. Or maybe it’s just too nice and cozy inside ... Here it goes - ... · Goldfish lose their color if kept in dim light ... · The longest living land animal is the Madagascar radiated tortoise, living nearly 200 years ... .
“Our last shipments for Europe are loading this week, and our first seafreight arrivals landed in Europe last week.”.South African litchis arrived by sea concurrently with Madagascar, which is quite unusual, and made possible by an unusually early and large crop.
The crash of MH370 was anything but a soft landing on the ocean.”The door was discovered at the home of a fisherman in Madagascar, who found the barnacle-crusted part washed up on the shore of the Antsiraka peninsula in Madagascar in March 2017.The fisherman, named ...
Across Madagascar, 19 chunks/pieces of debris have been found.The report said, “The realistic possibility that the landing gear was lowered shows both an active pilot and an attempt to ensure the plane sank as fast as possible after impact.
For an example, he points to recent Kew research on Madagascar, a biodiversity hotspot in which around 10 per cent of land is designated as protected and which would benefit much more from extending monitoring capacity and training, rather than simply expanding the area under protection.
Summary ...December 2 - Michael Okoroafor’s resume makes impressive reading ... REUTERS/Beawiharta ... In the Sava region of Madagascar, for instance, this approach has resulted in farmers from nearly 50 villages introducing improvements to land management and biodiversity protection, as well as becoming skilled in value-added process such as vanilla curing.
In two new papers published today, December 1, in Science, researchers from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and partners from 50 global organizations have undertaken a major review of Madagascar's extraordinary biodiversity ... They conclude the current knowledge on Madagascar's biodiversity and its decline indicates an urgent need for action.