Madagascar (/ˌmædəˈɡæskər/ ; Malagasy:Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Malagasy:Repoblikan'i Madagasikara[republiˈkʲan madaɡasˈkʲarə̥]; French:République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of Southeast Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (the fourth-largest island in the world), as well as numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinentGondwana, Madagascar split from the Indian peninsula around 88million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90% of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth. The island's diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the rapidly growing human population and other environmental threats.
An accompanying documentary, Attenborough and the Giant Egg, was broadcast on BBC Two in March 2011. In this one-off programme, David Attenborough undertakes a personal journey back to Madagascar to investigate the fate of Aepyornis, the island's extinct elephant birds. Believed to be the largest birds which have ever lived, evidence of their existence can still be found on the island. Whilst filming Zoo Quest to Madagascar in 1961, Attenborough pieced together a complete elephant bird egg from fragments of shell collected for him.
Madagascar is a software package for multidimensional data analysis and reproducible computational experiments. Its mission is to provide
a convenient and powerful environment
a convenient technology transfer tool
for researchers working with digital image and data processing in geophysics and related fields. Technology developed using the Madagascar project management system is transferred in the form of recorded processing histories, which become "computational recipes" to be verified, exchanged, and modified by users of the system.
The Madagascar environment consists of:
Standalone programs for out-of-core data analysis;
Standalone programs for geophysical data processing and imaging;
A development kit for C, C++, Java, Fortran-77, Fortran-90, Python, Matlab, and Octave;
A framework for reproducible numerical experiments, based on SCons;
A framework for scientific publications, based on SCons and LaTeX;
A collection of reproducible scientific articles also used as usage examples and regression tests for the standalone programs;
A five-member Indian mobile training team with Malagasy special forces in Madagascar. Antananarivo [Madagascar], March 30 (ANI) ... The Malagasy special forces consisted of both the navy and army forces of Madagascar, according to a press statement ... "It is unprecedented in the history of our nation that land and marine forces did joint training.
(IndependentPhoto/Karen Mead-Elford). JoshWillard (right), owner of Josh’s Frogs based in Owosso, was worried when the state shut down last March due to COVID-19 ... “Who buys frogs when the world is ending?” Willard questioned ... Mantella frogs are native to Madagascar where there is a large land development issue causing a loss of habitat ... .
Multinationals and foreign governments buy lands in poor African countries to exploit them intensively at an industrial level and often expel the resident peasants ...Madagascar has handed over to South Korea half of its arable land, about one million three hundred thousand hectares ... The company had bought everything, including land and villages.
... improved farming practices in countries such as Benin, where smallholder farmers have tripled their yields; and Egypt, where topsoil losses have damaged almost half the arable land. Algeria, Madagascar, Morocco, Tunisia and Zimbabwe are some other countries that have benefited.
Mauritia detached from Madagascar and India as these two parts of the giant continent Gondwana started drifting away from each other some 60 million years ago ... If the zone of the rupture lies at the edge of a land mass - in this case Madagascar and India - fragments of this land mass may be separated off," according to the report.
A new study into current land lease and sale contracts in Africa shows how local land users are mostly not even consulted in the process ... In most African countries, land is owned by the state ... Mr Cotula found examples of this in Madagascar - which in 2006 abolished the presumption of state ownership over untitled land - and Senegal and Sudan.
The lazaretto that had been designed for slaves was small and in precarious condition; another, built for the voluntary immigrants who arrived from lands as diverse as China, India, Yemen and Madagascar, was inaugurated in 1860 in the area known as La Grande Chaloupe (The Great Longboat).
Air Madagascar. Summer 2019 also marked an aviation milestone for the African island nation of Madagascar ... In doing so, the aircraft became the first A380 to land in Madagascar, when it arrived in Antananarivo on a scheduled flight from Paris on June 30th, 2019.
Madagascar is in great pain ... The extractivist engine of Madagascar’s economy has usurped lands intended for food crops and displaced the people living there ... In March 2009, the South Korean company Daewoo Logistics signed a 99-year lease in Madagascar for about 1.3 million hectares, or about half of the island’s arable land.
Scientists have identified Earth's smallest known reptile, warning at the same time that sustained destruction of forests in northern Madagascar threatens its survival ... "We discovered it in the mountains of northern of Madagascar," Frank Glaw, curator of herpetology at the Bavarian StateCollection of Zoology, told AFP in an interview ... Madagascar.
photo: Creative Commons / rank Glaw, Jörn Köhler, Oliver Hawlitschek, Fanomezana M. Ratsoavina, Andolalao Rakotoarison, Mark D. Scherz & Miguel Vences
Scientists have identified Earth's smallest known reptile, warning at the same time that sustained destruction of forests in northern Madagascar threatens its survival ... "We discovered it in the mountains of northern of Madagascar," Frank Glaw, curator of herpetology at the Bavarian StateCollection of Zoology, told AFP in an interview.
A huntsman spider has been spotted devouring a frog after luring it into a fake shelter made of leaves, in Madagascar, Africa... 'We were conducting a bird count on this piece of land just outside the village of Ambodiala, in north-eastern Madagascar,' said Dominic Martin from the University of Göttingen in Germany and one of the expedition members.
The storm was still on land, but near the north-west coast of Madagascar and was already showing signs of re-intensification ... At noon yesterday Meteo Madagascar said that with the crossing of the residual Eloise vortex from east to west, generalised heavy rain would affect several districts of the northwest coast until this morning ... Daily News .
Since 2002, the tropics lost more than 60 million hectares of primary forests, an area larger than the combined land mass of the states of California and Missouri or the island nation of Madagascar... secure land rights, expanding protected areas, and improving forest monitoring.
L Subramaniam ...A star performer from Madagascar Rajery playing the Valiha, will be featured for the first time ... Dr ... He plays the valiha, an emblematic instrument of Madagascar, between zither and tubular bamboo lute ... His music has its roots in the land of Madagascar, while combining a more universal music ... Musiques Vivantes de Madagascar.� Disclaimer..