Madagascar (/ˌmædəˈɡæskər/ ; Malagasy:Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Malagasy:Repoblikan'i Madagasikara[republiˈkʲan madaɡasˈkʲarə̥]; French:République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of Southeast Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (the fourth-largest island in the world), as well as numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinentGondwana, Madagascar split from the Indian peninsula around 88million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90% of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth. The island's diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the rapidly growing human population and other environmental threats.
An accompanying documentary, Attenborough and the Giant Egg, was broadcast on BBC Two in March 2011. In this one-off programme, David Attenborough undertakes a personal journey back to Madagascar to investigate the fate of Aepyornis, the island's extinct elephant birds. Believed to be the largest birds which have ever lived, evidence of their existence can still be found on the island. Whilst filming Zoo Quest to Madagascar in 1961, Attenborough pieced together a complete elephant bird egg from fragments of shell collected for him.
Madagascar is a software package for multidimensional data analysis and reproducible computational experiments. Its mission is to provide
a convenient and powerful environment
a convenient technology transfer tool
for researchers working with digital image and data processing in geophysics and related fields. Technology developed using the Madagascar project management system is transferred in the form of recorded processing histories, which become "computational recipes" to be verified, exchanged, and modified by users of the system.
The Madagascar environment consists of:
Standalone programs for out-of-core data analysis;
Standalone programs for geophysical data processing and imaging;
A development kit for C, C++, Java, Fortran-77, Fortran-90, Python, Matlab, and Octave;
A framework for reproducible numerical experiments, based on SCons;
A framework for scientific publications, based on SCons and LaTeX;
A collection of reproducible scientific articles also used as usage examples and regression tests for the standalone programs;
The worst drought in 40 years is affecting people in the south of Madagascar particularly badly, devastating whole swathes of land ...The people in the south of Madagascar already need a lot of support and time, to get back on their feet", says Marlene Müller, Welthungerhilfe ...
The UN program explained that croplands and pasture in southern Madagascar have been covered with sand and arable land transformed into wasteland across the region due to semi-arid conditions as well as high levels of soil erosion, deforestation and unprecedented drastic sandstorms.
The first school is set to be built in Madagascar in November of 2021. (credit ... Grout said the nonprofit is working with a university in Madagascar that will supply the land and oversee the school once it is built ... Grout will graduate from CU this spring, with the goal of traveling to Madagascar in November to start the building process ... ....
We need the money and resources now to help the people of Madagascar...Semi-arid conditions in southern Madagascar, combined with high levels of soil erosion, deforestation and unprecedented drastic sandstorms, have covered croplands and pasture with sand and transformed arable land into wasteland across the region.
Yes, the next Special will land later this year.Yes, it’s filmed in Madagascar and yes, there will be cars.Yes, we wanted to go to Russia.No, we couldn’t (we all know why).Yes, we will try again.No, we don’t know when.Yes, we will keep you updated.#TheGrandTourJuly 7, 2020.
A five-member Indian mobile training team with Malagasy special forces in Madagascar. Antananarivo [Madagascar], March 30 (ANI) ... The Malagasy special forces consisted of both the navy and army forces of Madagascar, according to a press statement ... "It is unprecedented in the history of our nation that land and marine forces did joint training.
(IndependentPhoto/Karen Mead-Elford). JoshWillard (right), owner of Josh’s Frogs based in Owosso, was worried when the state shut down last March due to COVID-19 ... “Who buys frogs when the world is ending?” Willard questioned ... Mantella frogs are native to Madagascar where there is a large land development issue causing a loss of habitat ... .
Multinationals and foreign governments buy lands in poor African countries to exploit them intensively at an industrial level and often expel the resident peasants ...Madagascar has handed over to South Korea half of its arable land, about one million three hundred thousand hectares ... The company had bought everything, including land and villages.
... improved farming practices in countries such as Benin, where smallholder farmers have tripled their yields; and Egypt, where topsoil losses have damaged almost half the arable land. Algeria, Madagascar, Morocco, Tunisia and Zimbabwe are some other countries that have benefited.
Mauritia detached from Madagascar and India as these two parts of the giant continent Gondwana started drifting away from each other some 60 million years ago ... If the zone of the rupture lies at the edge of a land mass - in this case Madagascar and India - fragments of this land mass may be separated off," according to the report.
A new study into current land lease and sale contracts in Africa shows how local land users are mostly not even consulted in the process ... In most African countries, land is owned by the state ... Mr Cotula found examples of this in Madagascar - which in 2006 abolished the presumption of state ownership over untitled land - and Senegal and Sudan.
The lazaretto that had been designed for slaves was small and in precarious condition; another, built for the voluntary immigrants who arrived from lands as diverse as China, India, Yemen and Madagascar, was inaugurated in 1860 in the area known as La Grande Chaloupe (The Great Longboat).
Air Madagascar. Summer 2019 also marked an aviation milestone for the African island nation of Madagascar ... In doing so, the aircraft became the first A380 to land in Madagascar, when it arrived in Antananarivo on a scheduled flight from Paris on June 30th, 2019.
Madagascar is in great pain ... The extractivist engine of Madagascar’s economy has usurped lands intended for food crops and displaced the people living there ... In March 2009, the South Korean company Daewoo Logistics signed a 99-year lease in Madagascar for about 1.3 million hectares, or about half of the island’s arable land.
Scientists have identified Earth's smallest known reptile, warning at the same time that sustained destruction of forests in northern Madagascar threatens its survival ... "We discovered it in the mountains of northern of Madagascar," Frank Glaw, curator of herpetology at the Bavarian StateCollection of Zoology, told AFP in an interview ... Madagascar.